Although running is a popular physical activity, we don’t know about the long-term effects of running on mortality.
We examined this associations in 55,137 adults, 18 to 100 years of age.
Compared with nonrunners, runners had 30% and 45% lower adjusted risks of mortality. It gave them a 3-year life expectancy benefit.
Weekly running even <51 min, <6 miles, 1 to 2 times, was enough to reduce risk of mortality.
Running, even 5 to 10 min/day and at slow speeds <6 miles/h, reduces risks of death from all causes and cardiovascular disease.
The three main subjects long distance runners think about:
1. pace and distance
2. pain and discomfort
3. the running environment, especially those nasty hills, and the weather
If you were wondering if long-distance runners use this time to solve life’s dilemmas – relationship troubles or metaphysical conundrums, for example – it seems that is not the case.
Samson, A., Simpson, D., Kamphoff, C., & Langlier, A. (2015). Think aloud: An examination of distance runners’ thought processes International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 1-14
One researcher surveyed the emotions of two ultra-runners. They ran for a 10-week period and covered 3641 kilometers (2262 miles) across Europe. The route included a variety of terrain including flats and mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees.
Researchers found the following:
-the more physical exertion they expended, the more their mood intensified
-four key factors: mental stamina, motivation to test one’s limits, friendliness with their partner, and self-awareness
The results of the test showed: when people do amazing things, they feel more energetic in other areas of their lives.
Johnson, U., Kenttä, G., Ivarsson, A., Alvmyren, I., & Karlsson, M. (2016). “An ultra-runner’s experience of physical and emotional challenges during a 10-week continental run”, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14 (1), 72-84