A study has found that time and detail changes how we think about an event.

By | 2017-03-17T15:04:27+00:00 March 17th, 2017|Categories: Relationships|Tags: , |

If a person goes into detail about how bad something was then you are more likely to see the event as more horrible. This belief isn’t always true.

Another thing to keep in mind is that a memory of events from further in the past will also seem worse the more details you describe.

 

Robert W Smith, Norbert Schwarz “Metacognitive inferences from other people’s memory performance.” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Vol 22(3), September 2016

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The “false memories becoming real” experiment

By | 2017-03-17T10:56:33+00:00 March 17th, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: |

In 1995 and ‘96 researchers documented a study. It was about the ease of planting a false memory in people of being lost in the mall as a child. The false event was told to the participants alongside true events. It was then absorbed into the true memory after repeating it just a few times. They actually thought the event happened.

The study became a source of argument. It showed how unreliable the memory was.  The study had a challenge. Participants may have had childhood experiences of being lost.  Maybe the study did not implant false memories and actually recovered lost ones!

People had their memories implanted with images of meeting Bugs Bunny at Disneyland. This was proof that this criticism was wrong in a later study. They would not ever meet Bugs Bunny at Disneyland so it could not have been a lost memory.

 

Loftus, E. F., & Pickrell, J. E. (1995). The formation of false memories. Psychiatric annals, 25(12), 720-725. Google Scholar Citations: 677
Loftus, E. F., Coan, J. A., & Pickrell, J. E. (1996). Manufacturing false memories using bits of reality. Implicit memory and metacognition, 195-220. Google Scholar Citations: 71

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Studies have shown that caffeine interferes with the memory. 

By | 2017-03-10T14:28:30+00:00 March 9th, 2017|Categories: Healthy, Interesting Facts|Tags: , |

Participants began adding fake words to the list after having only 100 mg of coffee which is equal to one cup.

Caroline R. Mahoney , Tad T. Brunyé , Grace E. Giles , Tali Ditman , Harris R. Lieberman & Holly, & A. Taylor (2012). Caffeine increases false memory in nonhabitual consumers Journal of Cognitive Psychology

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Stereotypes strongly influence our memory and perception

By | 2017-02-02T15:58:41+00:00 January 26th, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: , , |

Participants estimated that drivers in red cars are more aggressive than those in beige cars. The same study showed that women were less aggressive than men.

Later, participants read about an accident with a young man in a red car and an elderly man in a beige car. Participants often put the guilt on the young driver in the red car. They assumed the speed of the red car was faster than the beige. It wouldn’t be weird if the speed was given, but speed wasn’t given so the participants made an assumption that the red car must have been going faster.

Davies, G. (2009). Estimating the speed of vehicles: the influence of stereotypes. Psychology, Crime & Law, 15 (4), 293-312

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Brain Training May Worsen Performance on a Rest of Recognition Memory

By | 2017-01-10T13:26:17+00:00 January 10th, 2017|Categories: Learning|Tags: , |

In the first week, the researchers tested 86 participants’ performance on recognition memory. They studied several dozen words, one at a time. later they reported in a subsequent test which words they’d seen.

During the fifth and final week, all participants repeated the original set of baseline tests and compared their performance to the results from the beginning.

All the participants showed improvement. But this improvement was no greater with the working memory training group, or worse in some fields compared with the control group.

This is just one study with a relatively small sample, so it shouldn’t be treated as decisive evidence.


Laura E. MatzenEmail; Michael C. Trumbo; “Practice makes imperfect: Working memory training can harm recognition memory performance”; Memory & Cognition
November 2016, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 1168–1182

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Mindfulness improves calmness, decision making, body regulation, and memory.

By | 2017-01-03T16:20:37+00:00 December 2nd, 2016|Categories: Healthy, Learning, Personal Success|Tags: , , |

To try being mindful just take some of your time and pay attention to how you are thinking. Don’t judge anything about what is going on. Just look at how you think about things. This kind of self awareness helps you calm down and see things in a new light.

What the study showed is that parts of the brain grow when a person tries mindfulness. The parts that improve have links to calmness, decision making, body regulation, and memory. This shows that taking time to use mindfulness can improve many areas of life.

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Beauty can increase learning success by 9.5%!

By | 2016-11-30T13:04:44+00:00 October 19th, 2016|Categories: Learning|Tags: , |

A new study finds that the attractiveness of a lecturer affects how students learn.

The students listened to an audio recording of a twenty minute lecture. During the study each student viewed a picture of the supposed lecturer. The lecture didn’t change in two groups, but the picture associated with it did. One of the group watched a lecture with the attractive, when second with the less attractive speaker.

Their test scores increased by 9.5% (18.27 items correct on average versus 16.68) when they believed their lecturer was more attractive.

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