It also helps to cope with the negative assessment of our person or presented contents.
Students were divided into three groups during the experiment. The first group was asked to read some text preceded by information that the material may be incomprehensible. The second group received this same information after reading it, while the third group of respondents read the text without any extra information.
The students in the first group said that the text was quite understandable. At the same time, the two other groups revealed that the fragment was not suitable for reading.
During the interview, the employers held either a hard piece of wood or a soft blanket. It turned out that the employers from the first group estimated him as more relentless and firm compared to the soft blanket group during the interview.
There were no differences in women.
Ackerman JM, Nocera CC, & Bargh JA (2010). Incidental haptic sensations influence social judgments and decisions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328 (5986), 1712-5 PMID: 20576894
The participants were willing to pay more for a pleasant experience than simply avoiding an unpleasant time. The subjects most valued an hour of love (about 120USD) than happiness and sadness.
To avoid an hour of disgust, which ranked in last place, the respondents said they would pay an average of 55USD.
The effect of the valuation of emotions depends on a person’s culture. The British would pay the most for happiness, joy and peace, while the Japanese are willing to pay more for avoiding grief, shame, and frustration.
Scientists believe that avoiding a negative experience is more important for a person’s well-being than having a positive experience.
They share the attitudes of the Japanese people, who focus primarily on social expectations, and not on their own personal welfare.
One group of children watched an adult model physical and verbal aggressive behavior. The second group watched a “peaceful” model. And a third group didn’t watch anybody. The study found that children in the “aggressive” group often imitated aggressiveness when they played with a doll, more so than the other groups.
The aggressive behavior of an adult had a greater impact on boys than girls.