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Researchers found that admission of an imperfection is an effective strategy to reducing a negative reaction.

By |April 5th, 2017|Categories: Personal Success|Tags: , |

It also helps to cope with the negative assessment of our person or presented contents.

Students were divided into three groups during the experiment. The first group was asked to read some text preceded by information that the material may be incomprehensible. The second group received this same information after reading it, while the third group of respondents read the text without any extra information.

The students in the first group said that the text was quite understandable. At the same time, the two other groups revealed that the fragment was not suitable for reading.

The properties of touchable objects influence our behavior.

By |April 3rd, 2017|Categories: Personal Success|Tags: , , , |

During the interview, the employers held either a hard piece of wood or a soft blanket. It turned out that the employers from the first group estimated him as more relentless and firm compared to the soft blanket group during the interview.

There were no differences in women.

Ackerman JM, Nocera CC, & Bargh JA (2010). Incidental haptic sensations influence social judgments and decisions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328 (5986), 1712-5 PMID: 20576894

An experiment proved that whether we are happy or not with our appearance affected our intellectual functioning.

By |April 2nd, 2017|Categories: Personal Success|Tags: , , |

 

A study of approx. 390 participants showed that those who feel better about their body (wearing sweaters) performed better on math tests.

The second group tested swimsuits.

Hebl, M., King, E., & Lin, J. (2004). The swimsuit becomes us all: Ethnicity, gender, and vulnerability to self-objectification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Would you pay more for an hour of happiness or an hour of avoiding sadness?

By |April 1st, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: , , |

 

The participants were willing to pay more for a pleasant experience than simply avoiding an unpleasant time. The subjects most valued an hour of love (about 120USD) than happiness and sadness.

To avoid an hour of disgust, which ranked in last place, the respondents said they would pay an average of 55USD.

The effect of the valuation of emotions depends on a person’s culture. The British would pay the most for happiness, joy and peace, while the Japanese are willing to pay more for avoiding grief, shame, and frustration.

Scientists believe that avoiding a negative experience is more important for a person’s well-being than having a positive experience.

They share the attitudes of the Japanese people, who focus primarily on social expectations, and not on their own personal welfare.

Lau, H., White, M., and Schnall, S. (2012). Quantifying the Value of Emotions Using a Willingness to Pay Approach. Journal of Happiness Studies , Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 1543–1561

The elderly and the sick often receive lesser sentences for crimes

By |March 31st, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: |

It turns out that the elderly and the sick often receive lesser sentences for crimes because judges believe that this group does not present a big risk to the public.

They are less likely to commit a crime again. What more, judgment may affect them more than the young.

Analysis of the results revealed that, on average, they were condemned to 5-6 months less jail time than the young.

Mueller-Johnson, Katrin U., and Mandeep K. Dhami. „Effects of Offenders’ Age and Health on Sentencing Decisions.” Journal of Social Psychology 150, no. 1 (February 2010): 77-97.

An experiment confirmed the assumption by a psychologist that children learn aggression from adults.

By |March 31st, 2017|Categories: Relationships|Tags: |

One group of children watched an adult model physical and verbal aggressive behavior. The second group watched a “peaceful” model. And a third group didn’t watch anybody. The study found that children in the “aggressive” group often imitated aggressiveness when they played with a doll, more so than the other groups.

The aggressive behavior of an adult had a greater impact on boys than girls.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582.

Articles based on Science Magazines

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