Muraven M1, Baumeister RF, Tice DM., “Longitudinal improvement of self-regulation through practice: building self-control strength through repeated exercise.”, J Soc Psychol. 1999 Aug;139(4):446-57.
Results showed that some people showed more wisdom than others. But this difference between some people’s wisdom was smaller than the difference between wisdom in particular situations.
Research also showed that people display more wisdom when they are with other people.
Furthermore, keeping a diary also improves wisdom levels. Perhaps a diary helps to improve self-reflection.
Researchers also checked gender, education level, and age. It turned out that only age impacted the level of wisdom. Neither gender nor education level had an effect.
The scientist, Grossman, also stated that measuring wisdom with a single questionnaire item is unreliable. Because a person’s wisdom differs so much from one situation to another, Grossman said you’d really need to test someone on at least nine situations to know their levels of wisdom.
Igor Grossmann, Tanja M. Gerlach, Jaap J. A. Denissen; “Wise Reasoning in the Face of Everyday Life Challenges”; First Published; June 3, 2016, Vol 7, Issue 7
Desender, K., Beurms, S., & Van den Bussche, E. (2015). “Is mental effort exertion contagious?” Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, , Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 624–631
Dolcos, S., & Albarracin, D. (2014). The inner speech of behavioral regulation: Intentions and task performance strengthen when you talk to yourself as a You European Journal of Social Psychology Volume 44, Issue 6, October 2014, Pages 636–642
This happened with 103 employed people. It only affected workers who were highly involved in the job.
“Evidence in accord with the Zeigarnik Effect: The Zeigarnik Effect is the tendency to experience intrusive thoughts about an objective that was once pursued and left incomplete (Baumeister & Bushman, 2008, pg. 122).
We can explained it by their lower ability to lear and problem solve.
Sartarelli recruited 432 people, eight percent left-handers, to play a game. They had to put in effort and cut good deals. Some participants offered employment contracts to other participants. They played the roles of the “workforce” in the simulation.
The lefties achieved the same scores as the right-handers. They also brought home as much bacon in the simulation.
Researchers found some interesting relationships between the personality of left-handers and their performance.. They earned more when more extraverted, and less when more neurotic. At the same time, a 10 times bigger group of righties didn’t show this linking.
They also found that left-handers were more agreeable. Researchers connect these findings with lower salaries.
Sartarelli M (2016) Handedness, Earnings, Ability and Personality. Evidence from the Lab. PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164412. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0164412
The researchers said, love in the early stages weaken couples concentration for daily tasks like study and work.
Henk van Steenbergen, Sandra J.E. Langeslag, Guido P.H. Band, & Bernhard Hommel; Reduced Cognitive Control in Passionate Lovers;
3018 people took daily cold showers for 30 days for at least 30 seconds.
Participants who took a cold shower recovered faster from flu than those who didn’t. But they did get sick as often as the rest of society.
Work productivity and levels of anxiety didn’t increase. But the participants experienced other benefits like higher energy levels.
Citation: Buijze GA, Sierevelt IN, van der Heijden BCJM, Dijkgraaf MG, Frings-Dresen MHW (2016) The Effect of Cold Showering on Health and Work: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS ONE 11(9):
The most successful people in the world share 7 main qualities
1. Goal orientation.
2. Result orientation
3. Action orientation- over procrastation
4. People orientation
5. Help orientation- lead the best life which you ca, sport, healthy food
7. Self-discipline- responsibiliy for life and actions
source: Designed by Freepik
than having no calling at all. It can even harm your health.
Researchers divided a sample of hundreds of participants. They split them into groups based on survey responses:
– those with a higher sense of an unanswered calling,
– those with a higher sense of having already answered their calling,
– and those with no strong sense of either.
Later, the participants talked about their outcome and work engagement, career commitment, and life satisfaction.
Those who had already answered their calling were better off than the no-calling group and the unanswered group.
Gazica, M. and Spector, P. (2015). A comparison of individuals with unanswered callings to those with no calling at all Journal of Vocational Behavior, 91, 1-10 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2015.08.008