Children who pretend to change the foam in the image withstood two times longer.
Moore, B., Mischel, W. & Zeiss, A. (1976). Comparative effects of the reward stimulus and its cognitive representation in voluntary delay. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34, 419-424.
Participants began adding fake words to the list after having only 100 mg of coffee which is equal to one cup.
Caroline R. Mahoney , Tad T. Brunyé , Grace E. Giles , Tali Ditman , Harris R. Lieberman & Holly, & A. Taylor (2012). Caffeine increases false memory in nonhabitual consumers Journal of Cognitive Psychology
Smithers, L.G., Golley, R.K., Mittinty, M.N. et al. Eur J Epidemiol (2012) 27: 525. doi:10.1007/s10654-012-9715-5
Only 27 percent of the mindbus group ate chocolates from their bag as compared with 45 percent of students in the control group.
Participants saw any thought of chocolate as a strange passenger. They coped with them by changing their voice, singing, or showing who is boss.The mindbus technique for resisting chocolate
Jenkins, K., and Tapper, K. (2013). Resisting chocolate temptation using a brief mindfulness strategy. British Journal of Health Psychology DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12050
An exercise group’s depression was reduced while studying symptoms of depression. It started to work after three weeks, and at the program end.
During this time, the control group’s depression symptoms remained unchanged.
Craft, L.L. (2005). “Exercise and clinical depression: examining two psychological mechanisms.” Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6, 151-171.
What more, police officers have more confidence than the public in their false beliefs.
There are the statements or myths:
“People only confess when they have actually committed the crime they are being charged with.”
“Eye-witnesses are always the most reliable source of case-related information.”
All of these statements are not supported by research.
UK police believed, on average, in 18 of the 50 false statements vs. 19 among the public.
Even in interview techniques the police performed as poorly as the public, despite the training.
There are three research studies which didn’t confirm it.
In this study, the men gave smaller tips to female servers who wore red.
In the second research, 206 young Dutch men judged the attractiveness of a woman on a dating site. The women wore either a red, black or white shirt. Some men wanted to find a one-night stand, the others a long-term partner. Regardless of context, the woman was not rated more attractive when wearing red.
In the third attempt, researchers achieved the same negative results with 200 Americans.
We have to remember that the red effect can be more significant in real interactions than in the lab with photos. Maybe the color influences the behavior when the person is acting more flirtatiously.
Lynn, M., Giebelhausen, M., Garcia, S., Li, Y., & Patumanon, I. (2013). “Clothing color and tipping: An attempted replication and extension.” Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research.