By |2017-02-02T15:58:01+00:00January 31st, 2017|Categories: Productivity|Tags: |

During one research, people who recited the words, “you can do it” completed more anagrams than those who said, “I can do it.”
Maybe the word “you” triggers memories of receiving support from others when we were children.

Dolcos, S., & Albarracin, D. (2014). The inner speech of behavioral regulation: Intentions and task performance strengthen when you talk to yourself as a You European Journal of Social Psychology Volume 44, Issue 6, October 2014, Pages 636–642


Long-Distance Runners Think Very Differently Than you May Have Thought

By |2017-02-02T15:58:07+00:00January 31st, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: |

The three main subjects long distance runners think about:
1. pace and distance
2. pain and discomfort
3. the running environment, especially those nasty hills, and the weather
If you were wondering if long-distance runners use this time to solve life’s dilemmas – relationship troubles or metaphysical conundrums, for example – it seems that is not the case.

Samson, A., Simpson, D., Kamphoff, C., & Langlier, A. (2015). Think aloud: An examination of distance runners’ thought processes International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 1-14


A friendly people more often show positive emotion in their selfies

By |2017-02-02T15:58:12+00:00January 31st, 2017|Categories: Relationships|Tags: , , , |

A group of internet users who posted selfies to complete a personality questionnaire.

According to the scores:

– friendly people more often show positive emotion in their selfies. They also hold the camera at a lower position.

– those who scored higher for emotional instability were more likely to make a duck face;

– higher scores for openness-to-experience correlated with showing more positive emotion.

Interestingly, young students who tried to guess the personalities by looking at the selfie photos were mostly wrong. Maybe if we showed these pictures to middle-aged people the results would be yet another story.

Qiu, L., Lu, J., Yang, S., Qu, W., & Zhu, T. (2015). “What does your selfie say about you?” Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 443-449


With greater physical exertion comes the experience of more positive emotion

By |2017-02-02T15:58:17+00:00January 30th, 2017|Categories: Healthy|Tags: |

One researcher surveyed the emotions of two ultra-runners. They ran for a 10-week period and covered 3641 kilometers (2262 miles) across Europe. The route included a variety of terrain including flats and mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees.
Researchers found the following:
-the more physical exertion they expended, the more their mood intensified
-four key factors: mental stamina, motivation to test one’s limits, friendliness with their partner, and self-awareness
The results of the test showed: when people do amazing things, they feel more energetic in other areas of their lives.

Johnson, U., Kenttä, G., Ivarsson, A., Alvmyren, I., & Karlsson, M. (2016). “An ultra-runner’s experience of physical and emotional challenges during a 10-week continental run”, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14 (1), 72-84

Experts often believe they know things that they don’t know

By |2017-02-02T15:58:23+00:00January 30th, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: , |

New research suggests that knowledge can be a dangerous thing. Those most confident about a topic often claim to know facts which don’t exist.

For example, in one study, a group of experts claimed that they knew words like pre-rated stocks, more often than the “non-experts” did.

One reason for this might be that self-proclaimed experts are simply trying to look good and portray how much of an “expert” they are on the topic.

Even those who somewhat feel like an expert also change their attitude to the knowledge.

Atir, S., Rosenzweig, E., & Dunning, D. (2015). “When Knowledge Knows No Bounds: Self-Perceived Expertise Predicts Claims of Impossible Knowledge”, Psychological Science, 26 (8), 1295-1303


If you think that knowledge is simple and easy, you better change your attitudeIf you think that knowledge is simple and easy, you better change your attitude

By |2017-02-02T15:58:29+00:00January 28th, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: , |

Scientists conducted an experiment. They gave participants written text which showed how people are changing the climate. The second piece of written text claimed that climate change is not a human fault, but is a natural process.

The first group of participants thought that nothing is easy. They believed that we should compare and contradict every piece of information. They felt excited when they got the second message.

The second group of participants thought that the science was straightforward and easy. When they got the second text they felt surprised and misled. Some of them didn’t want to accept the information.


Incomplete goals disturb your brain in the evening, unless you rate them as unimportant

By |2017-02-02T15:58:35+00:00January 28th, 2017|Categories: Productivity|

This happened with 103 employed people. It only affected workers who were highly involved in the job.

“Evidence in accord with the Zeigarnik Effect: The Zeigarnik Effect is the tendency to experience intrusive thoughts about an objective that was once pursued and left incomplete (Baumeister & Bushman, 2008, pg. 122).


Stereotypes strongly influence our memory and perception

By |2017-02-02T15:58:41+00:00January 26th, 2017|Categories: Interesting Facts|Tags: , , |

Participants estimated that drivers in red cars are more aggressive than those in beige cars. The same study showed that women were less aggressive than men.

Later, participants read about an accident with a young man in a red car and an elderly man in a beige car. Participants often put the guilt on the young driver in the red car. They assumed the speed of the red car was faster than the beige. It wouldn’t be weird if the speed was given, but speed wasn’t given so the participants made an assumption that the red car must have been going faster.

Davies, G. (2009). Estimating the speed of vehicles: the influence of stereotypes. Psychology, Crime & Law, 15 (4), 293-312